Category Archives: Network Servers

Ubuntu 14.04 Active Directory Authentication

5.00 avg. rating (95% score) - 1 vote

In a post a couple of years ago I gave an example on how to configure an Ubuntu 12.04 server to authenticate to Active Directory. Things used to be hard back then. Now we have the realmd realm enrollment manager to do the hard work of joining the host to an Active Directory domain, and the System Security Services Daemon or SSSD to do the actual authentication and authorization work whenever it is needed. And things are much easier to configure and get running. Continue reading Ubuntu 14.04 Active Directory Authentication

OpenStreetMap Nominatim Server for Geocoding

5.00 avg. rating (99% score) - 9 votes

Here’s how to install the OpenStreetMap Nominatim service on your own server. It can be used to geocode and reverse geocode addresses and map coordinates. You will also get a web interface which loads map tiles from openstreetmap.org while doing geocoding requests using your own server. Continue reading OpenStreetMap Nominatim Server for Geocoding

Linux IPv6 Router: RADVD + DHCPv6

3.25 avg. rating (70% score) - 4 votes

Unlike IPv4, which uses DHCP for configuration, IPv6 uses the Neighbor Discovery Protocol to configure addresses and gateways. Unfortunately, originally the protocol had no means of providing addresses of DNS servers to clients, making it necessary to use  DHCPv6 for that purpose. Modern Linux and Mac OS X machines are able to use the IPv6 Router Advertisement Options for DNS Configuration (RFC 6106), but to my knowledge, Windows clients are not able at the moment. Here’s how to configure a Linux router using radvd and the ISC DHCP daemon. Continue reading Linux IPv6 Router: RADVD + DHCPv6

HP ProLiant Management Component Pack on Ubuntu

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HP seems to have set up a package repository for Ubuntu 12.04, which is an improvement since I last checked a few years ago. To use the repo, add the following line to /etc/apt/sources.list:

Run “sudo apt-get update”.

You can install a number of software packages from the repository:

  • hpsmh: HP System Management Homepage
  • hp-smh-template: HP System Management Homepage Templates
  • cpqacuxe: HP Array Configuration Utility, web-based
  • hp-snmp-agents: Insight Management SNMP Agents for HP ProLiant Systems
  • hponcfg: RILOE II/iLO online configuration utility
  • hp-health: HP System Health Application and Command line Utility Package
  • hpacucli: HP Command Line Array Configuration Utility
  • ams: Agentless Monitoring Service for HP ProLiant Gen8 Systems Continue reading HP ProLiant Management Component Pack on Ubuntu

Ubuntu 12.04 Active Directory Authentication

4.20 avg. rating (85% score) - 5 votes

Update 2015-06-16: Ubuntu 14.04 Active Directory Authentication

Authenticating Linux users against Active Directory has traditionally been hard. There’s a multitude of HOWTOs on how to do it, and every one of them seems to do it a bit differently. This is because environments and goals vary, and there are many ways to achieve a particular goal. I will add my version to the mix. This one fetches users and groups from Active Directory LDAP using a machine account added using the Samba tools, and authenticates users to the Active Directory Key Distribution Center using Kerberos. Continue reading Ubuntu 12.04 Active Directory Authentication

Apache HTTP authentication against WordPress password database

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The stock mod_auth_mysql package in Ubuntu is not able to authenticate against the phpass password hashes stored in the WordPress database.

There seems to be a patch lying around to enable phpass authentication in mod_auth_mysql. Its inclusion in mod_auth_mysql has been requested a long time ago, and again more recently, but for one reason or another it has been declined. Inclusion of the patch into the Debian package has also been requested.

Thanks to Peter Lamberg, there are good instructions around on how to apply the patch and enable it. I’ve made available a pre-compiled 64-bit package here: Continue reading Apache HTTP authentication against WordPress password database

Serving Python scripts with Apache mod_wsgi, part II – mod_rewrite

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In part I, we learned how to configure Apache to server any .py file as a web application using mod_wsgi. I promised to tell you more about WebOb and multiprocessing and multithreading, and exception handling. I’ll save those topics for later articles. Instead, in this part I will talk about using mod_rewrite – if, why and how to get rid of the .py extension. You will need the test apps from part I to try these out. Continue reading Serving Python scripts with Apache mod_wsgi, part II – mod_rewrite

Serving Python scripts with Apache mod_wsgi, part I

5.00 avg. rating (98% score) - 5 votes

I admit it, I’m a long-time PHP programmer. I got stuck with it for a long time with all my web-based stuff, simply because it is so easy to set up. Well, there is no set-up, it just works. You just add pages to your web server root and give a .php extension to them, and they get requests and give back responses. Nice and simple.

I still use PHP for quick and dirty things (like running shell commands through web interfaces – yes, really, really naughty…) For doing more complex work, I prefer Python. But I miss the PHP-like way of just adding pages or “web applications” with zero-setup. I will examine the possibilities in Python for this kind of behaviour in this article.

Please remember, there are many, some say even too many, Python web frameworks available already that handle all this stuff for you “automagically”. You are almost certainly better off with using one of them, if you want to get work done. But they all require some kind of setup work.

Then there’s the thing with all kinds of frameworks, that instead of you calling some library, the behaviour of which you understand, to do your work, a framework calls your code. That is all right when things work as expected. But whenever there are glitches, you need to start digging around the framework code to see exactly what’s wrong. And if it is a big framework, that could mean a lot of digging around. For that reason, if you’re a reasonably seasoned programmer, I think it might not be half bad an idea to create your own minimalistic framework, using existing, good quality libraries the behaviour of which you understand, and which you can easily poke in the Python shell if you think something’s not working like it should. Or just to see what’s available, and try out the available code.

Also, knowing how stuff works never hurts. This article is also about learning how the Apache http requests are dispatched to Python code through mod_wsgi. I insist on knowing how things work, so I’m doing it the hard way. Continue reading Serving Python scripts with Apache mod_wsgi, part I